Juan Ignacio Blanco  


  MALE murderers

index by country

index by name   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  FEMALE murderers

index by country

index by name   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z




Murderpedia has thousands of hours of work behind it. To keep creating new content, we kindly appreciate any donation you can give to help the Murderpedia project stay alive. We have many
plans and enthusiasm to keep expanding and making Murderpedia a better site, but we really
need your help for this. Thank you very much in advance.









Classification: Murderer?
Characteristics: Wrongly convicted - The body was never found
Number of victims: 1 ?
Date of murder: June 19, 1990
Date of arrest: November 19, 1990
Date of birth: July 17, 1965
Victim profile: Elizabeth Marie Bain, 22 (his girlfriend)
Method of murder: ???
Location: Scarborough, Ontario, Canada
Status: Sentenced to life in prison on March 31, 1992. Released on bail on March 31, 2000. Found not guilty in a retrial on April 22, 2008
photo gallery

Court of Appeal for Ontario

R v Baltovich 2004 73 OR (3d) 481

Robert Baltovich (born July 17 1965) is a Canadian man who was convicted in 1992 of the murder of his girlfriend, Elizabeth Bain in Scarborough, Ontario, Canada. He spent eight years in prison and nearly another decade trying to clear his name, before being found not guilty in a retrial on April 22 2008.

Elizabeth Bain murder

In 1990 Baltovich graduated with a degree in psychology and history from the University of Toronto at Scarborough. Here he also met and developed a relationship with Elizabeth Bain, a fellow student.

Bain disappeared on June 19, 1990, telling her mother she was going to "check the tennis schedule" on campus. On June 22, her car was found with a large bloodstain in the back seat. Her body was never found.

First trial and conviction

On November 19, 1990, Baltovich was arrested and charged with first-degree murder. His case continued in the courts for several years, during which he consistently maintained his innocence. His lawyers suggested that the so-called "Scarborough Rapist", the name by which the infamous Canadian serial killer Paul Bernardo was then known, might be responsible for the murder.

On March 31, 1992, he was convicted of second-degree murder. His lawyers appealed and on March 31, 2000, Baltovich was released on bail, pending the outcome of his appeal. In September 2004 his appeal was finally processed and his case gained national attention again when his lawyers alleged that he had been wrongfully convicted and that Bernardo was guilty of Bain's murder. They allege that circumstantial evidence suggests links to Bernardo, and that this evidence could not have been available during Baltovich's original trial as the identity of the Scarborough rapist was then unknown.

Appeal, retrial and acquittal

On December 2, 2004, the Court of Appeal for Ontario set aside the conviction, delivering what news reports called "a scathing attack" on the conduct of the original trial judge. This fell short of the acquittal that Baltovich's counsel had argued for. On July 15, 2005, Ontario's Ministry of the Attorney-General announced that Baltovich would face a new trial on charges of second-degree murder, at an unspecified date, and remain free on bail in the meantime. During that time, Baltovich worked as a librarian for the Government of Ontario.

On March 31, 2008, jury selection began in the second-degree murder trial. The trial, slated to begin in Toronto on April 14, 2008, was delayed, with the Crown (prosecution) giving no reason. When the trial resumed, the Crown declined to call any of the more than 50 witnesses they had planned, citing "recent developments, including the cumulative effect of the pre-trial evidentiary rulings rendered to date in this case, other evidentiary issues, and changes to case law".

With no Crown case, the judge directed the jury to make a finding of not guilty on April 22, 2008.

In January of 2010 the Attorney-General concluded that the payment of financial compensation was not appropriate.

On April 21, 2010 a civil suit alleging malicious prosecution, negligent investigation and negligent representation was filed on behalf of Baltovich. The defendants named include John McMahon, now a judge with the Superior Court of Ontario, and Paul Amenta, a practicing Crown Attorney in Toronto. Brian Raybould and Steve Reesor, the two lead detectives in the case, are also named as defendants.


Baltovich acquitted of murder

Apr 22 2008

Eighteen years after the disappearance of university student Elizabeth Bain, her boyfriend Robert Baltovich was acquitted this morning after Crown prosecutors declined to offer evidence at his second trial on a charge of second-degree murder.

Before the jury was brought in to hear the opening arguments this morning, Crown attorney Philip Kotanen said the prosecution could not proceed due to a lack of evidence.

"There is no longer any reasonable prospect of conviction," he told Superior Court.

Justice David McCombs then directed the jury to acquit, saying the only verdict that could "be supported in this case" is not guilty. Minutes later, the jury complied.

Today’s hearing marked the end of Baltovich’s second trial in the disappearance and presumed death of his girlfriend, whose body was never found.

Baltovich, now 42, spent eight years in jail before Ontario’s highest court quashed the conviction in his first trial and ordered a second one.

“It’s an 18-year nightmare for me. It’s a never-ending nightmare for the Bains,” Baltovich said outside court this morning. “I just hope that one day they can come to accept the fact that I didn’t kill their daughter.

“I loved her. I miss her. I know they do and maybe one of these days we can get together and grieve together.”

Bain, a 22-year-old student at the University of Toronto's Scarborough campus, was last seen on the afternoon of June 19, 1990, after telling her mother she was going to the campus tennis courts.

Baltovich, who always maintained his innocence, was charged with her murder in November 1990.

Three days later, her bloodstained car was found two blocks from the campus.

At the Bain family home in Scarborough this morning, Elizabeth Bain’s parents, Ricardo and Julita, asked to be left alone as they grieved.

“Please leave us alone for today,” Ricardo Bain told reporters from the front yard before retreating inside the house. “This is not a good moment.”

Julita Bain said that despite the court’s decision, the family still believes Baltovich is guilty.

“We believe that he did it. That doesn’t change.”

“We’re not vengeful people - all we wanted to have is justice for Elizabeth,” Julita said. “I’m sure she’ll get that sometime, if not here, then up there,” she added, gesturing to the heavens.

Asked what would come next for the family, Julita Bain replied: “Life’s got to go on, I guess - just like the past 18 years.”

During the appeal that overturned his conviction, Baltovich’s lawyers argued that convicted sex killer Paul Bernardo – who admitted to a series of sexual assaults in Scarborough around the time when Bain vanished - may have been her killer.

oday, Baltovich’s lawyer said he believes today’s decision puts a rest to the case against his client once and for all.

“I am absolutely certain they have no intention to appeal,” said James Lockyer. “They would look utterly ridiculous if they did so and they know it.

“If you look at any of the wrongful convictions that have happened in Canada, it always starts with something small and it gets bigger and bigger,” added Lockyer, who is known for his work with the Association in Defence of the Wrongfully Convicted. “Ultimately, all of these cases seem to die the same way.”

Another supporter said Baltovich had waited too long for exoneration.

“When the original trial was held, we were told that it would be about two years for his appeal to be heard,” said Brian King, a private investigator hired by the defence team.

“I believe that was in 1992. It's now 2008 and he finally got his day in court today."

At Queen’s Park, Attorney General Chris Bentley said prosecutors did the right thing in the Baltovich case.

 “The crown took the appropriate course, which was to quickly reassess the strength of the case, the prospects for it ... and reached the determination that resulted today in a finding of not guilty,” Bentley told reporters.

“Mr. Baltovich needed and deserved the verdict of not guilty in light of the assessment, in light of the facts, the law and the evidence,” Bentley added.

“I hope that he will now be able to get on with the rest of his life with this matter behind him.”

Bentley said any compensation for Baltovich would have to be a matter of future discussion.

“I will leave that issue to Mr. Baltovich, his counsel and others for another day.”

Bentley sent his sympathies to Bain’s relatives, who have no closure in the case.

“This is a tragedy for the Bain family ... it does not end today for them.”


‘No longer any reasonable prospect of conviction’

Text of Crown attorney Philip Kotanen's statement to the court this morning:

"Recent developments, including the cumulative effect of the pre-trial evidentiary rulings rendered to date in this case, other evidentiary issues, and changes to case law, have obliged the Crown to seriously reconsider whether there remains a reasonable prospect of conviction. We carefully weighed the evidence that was once available to the prosecution, and what now remains as a result of the evidence that was excluded in the pre-trial evidentiary rulings, and the other factors listed above.

"I wish to advise you that, now having completed that careful and detailed reassessment of the case, and having sought the advice of senior colleagues in the ministry, it has become apparent that there is no longer any reasonable prospect of conviction at this point. As such, I am duty bound to discontinue this prosecution.

"Accordingly, the Crown will not call any evidence in this matter. The murder of Elizabeth Bain was a horrendous and tragic event that has had a devastating impact on the lives of her family and friends. I can assure the family and the public that this decision has only been taken following a careful and exhaustive review of the evidence as it currently exists. However, as I have stated, the Crown cannot proceed where there is no reasonable prospect of conviction. Thank you for the opportunity to place these comments on the record."


Baltovich trial timeline

CBC News Online

April 22, 2008

In June 1990, Robert Baltovich was 24 years old. A recent graduate from the University of Toronto's Scarborough campus, he had majored in psychology. He was hoping to land a summer job and spend some time considering graduate school.

But on June 19, his girlfriend, Elizabeth Bain, 22, vanished and Baltovich's path changed forever. Two years later Baltovich was convicted of killing Bain. Her body was never found.

Baltovich has always insisted he is innocent. During the original trial, Baltovich's lawyers suggested the so-called "Scarborough rapist" might have killed Bain. Several witnesses testified they saw Bain with a blond man in the days before she vanished.

Today, police and the public know that rapist was Paul Bernardo. Since Baltovich's original trial, media reports and a book have pointed out links between Bernardo and Bain.

Baltovich was released on bail in 2000 pending an appeal. His legal team announced plans to introduce hard evidence suggesting a link to Bernardo. In 2005, the Ontario Court of Appeal overturned Baltovich's murder conviction and ordered a new trial. When that case finally began in April, 2008, it ended on the very same day. Moments after prosecutors said they'd be presenting no evidence against Baltovich, a jury found him not guilty of the charge of second degree murder.

April 22, 2008:
Robert Baltovich found not guilty by a Toronto jury on the first day of his second trial for the murder of Elizabeth Bain. Crown prosecutors began their submissions by announcing they would present no evidence, despite earlier statements that they would call at least 50 witnesses.

July 15, 2005:
Ontario’s Ministry of the Attorney General announces that Baltovich will face a new trial in the killing of Elizabeth Bain. He will face a charge of second-degree murder.

December 2, 2004:
The Ontario Court of Appeal sets aside Baltovich's conviction and orders a new trial. The court rules that the trial judge’s charge to the jury was unfair and unbalanced and contained significant legal errors that were prejudicial to Baltovich. Baltovich's lawyer had asked the Court of Appeal to acquit his client. But the Court said it was not persuaded that an acquittal was appropriate given that there is evidence upon which a properly instructed jury could reasonably convict.

September 20, 2004:
The Ontario Court of Appeal begins a hearing into Robert Baltovich's conviction in the death of Elizabeth Bain. It has been 12 years since he was convicted at his original trial.

April 19, 2004:
Baltovich's appeal hearing is scheduled to begin, but is delayed until September.

April 24, 2003:
Justice Marc Rosenberg rules that Baltovich's lawyer, James Lockyer, cannot participate in the portion of the Baltovich appeal in which Paul Bernardo is portrayed as the real killer of Elizabeth Bain. Bernardo, supported by the Ontario Crown, had objected to Lockyer being involved in the appeal because Lockyer had represented Bernardo in 1996-1997. A compromise is struck: one of Baltovich's other lawyers, Brian Greenspan, is to pursue the Bernardo-related aspects of the case, while Lockyer is to represent Baltovich in all other aspects of the case.

March 31, 2000:
Exactly eight years after being convicted of murdering his girlfriend, Robert Baltovich is released on bail, pending an appeal of his March 31, 1992, conviction. "It's a great feeling," Baltovich told reporters who swarmed around as he walked down a busy street in downtown Toronto. "Jail isn't a pleasant place." In his written reasons Justice Marc Rosenberg said, "the case against the applicant was wholly circumstantial." He added that Baltovich's lawyer, James Lockyer, had "urged me to approach this case on the basis that there is a reasonable possibility that an innocent man has been convicted."

March 15, 2000:
By this time, James Lockyer, the director of the Association in the Defence of the Wrongly Convicted, has joined Baltovich's defence team. On March 15, 2000, a 390-page defence brief is filed with the Ontario Court of Appeal. During Baltovich's bail hearing, his lawyers argue there is new evidence to suggest that he did not kill Elizabeth Bain. They contend Paul Bernardo did it, and argue Baltovich must be released on bail while he waits for his appeal.

Some details of the new evidence can't be revealed because of a publication ban. But the private investigator in the case, Brian King, described it at the time this way: "It's based on an overwhelming amount of a lot of different things. Not just one thing like forensic evidence, but say a combination of interviews and information that has come forward since the trial."

The book No Claim to Mercy is published. Author Derek Finkle presents details of the connection between Bain and Bernardo.

February 1997:
Baltovich's appeal is scheduled to begin, but it is postponed indefinitely.

May 16, 1996:
Baltovich's lawyers file materials with the Ontario Court of Appeal. The fat, sealed envelopes contain "fresh evidence" obtained by Baltovich's defence team between 1992 and 1996. A 113-page memorandum is submitted to the court in late May. It does not make reference to Paul Bernardo by name, but says it is the position of the defence "that another individual, other than the appellant, committed the offence." The memorandum says the new evidence "relates to the evidence adduced at trial concerning the 'Scarborough rapist.'"

Sept. 1, 1995:
Paul Bernardo is found guilty on nine charges relating to the deaths of Leslie Mahaffy, Kristen French and Tammy Homolka. He is sentenced to a life term in prison and is later declared a dangerous offender, which effectively means he will never be let out.

February 1993:
Paul Bernardo is charged in connection with the Scarborough rapes. Baltovich's lawyer asks a private investigator, Brian King, to focus on evidence relating to Bernardo and any connection he may have had with Elizabeth Bain. In October 1993, King tells the Toronto Star newspaper that he has uncovered "startling" findings that could help free Baltovich.

May 1992:
Baltovich's new lawyer, Brian Greenspan, files an appeal of the case. The notice cites 22 grounds for why Baltovich's conviction should be set aside, including problems with the judge's address to the jury and the use of "hypnotically enhanced memory" testimony of witnesses. Baltovich is denied bail pending his appeal.

March 31, 1992:
The jury finds Robert Baltovich guilty of second-degree murder. Elizabeth's parents, Ricardo and Julita Bain, tell reporters they're relieved by the verdict and say they hope Baltovich will tell authorities where they can find Elizabeth's body. Baltovich is later sentenced to life in prison.

Feb. 4, 1992:
Baltovich's first trial begins before Justice John O'Driscoll. The trial lasts six weeks and jurors hear testimony from more than 100 witnesses. The charge against Baltovich has been dropped to second-degree murder. He pleads not guilty.

Crown Attorney John McMahon portrays Baltovich as a jealous and obsessed boyfriend, who murdered Bain when she tried to break off their relationship.

Baltovich's lawyer, William Gatward, argues that the evidence in the case suggests someone other than his client could have killed Elizabeth, including the "unidentified blond man" several witnesses had reportedly seen her with before she disappeared. The possibility that the so-called "Scarborough rapist" could have been involved is also raised. Gatward tells the court that the rapist last struck in May 1990, and he had not been known to have attacked anyone since Bain disappeared.

Nov. 19, 1990:
Five months to the day after Elizabeth Bain disappeared, Robert Baltovich is arrested and charged with first-degree murder.

July 25, 1990:
Police search Baltovich's house and impound his car. They seize several letters between Bain and Baltovich, some of his personal writings, a magazine, and several items of his clothing. The Baltovichs' phone is bugged.

July 11, 1990:
On what would have been Elizabeth Bain's 23rd birthday, her parents, Ricardo and Julita Bain, hold a press conference in the backyard of their suburban Toronto home. They beg her abductor to bring her home – or reveal where her body may be found.

Summer 1990:
After Bain's disappearance, police, her family and volunteers conduct massive searches of ravines, wooded areas and creeks throughout the Toronto region. Elizabeth Bain's body has never been found.

Also during the summer of 1990, homicide investigators employ a controversial method, "hypnotically enhanced memory," with several witnesses who saw Bain or Baltovich before she disappeared. Witnesses are hypnotized and questioned about their recollections.

June 24, 1990:
Baltovich provides police with forensic samples. Detective Sergeants Steve Reesor and Brian Raybould interview him for several hours. Afterwards, Reesor creates a list in which he cites 10 discrepancies he finds with Baltovich's version of events.

June 22, 1990:
Bain's silver 1981 Toyota Tercel is found parked outside an auto body shop just a kilometre from her home. There is a large bloodstain on the floor of the backseat. The Metro Toronto Police homicide squad takes over the investigation. Baltovich is put under surveillance.

June 20, 1990:
Julita Bain reports her daughter missing to police at 6:45 a.m.

Tuesday, June 19, 1990:
Elizabeth Bain, 22, vanishes sometime in the early evening. Her mother, Julita Bain, says she last saw her daughter at 4 p.m. She says Elizabeth left the house to "check the tennis schedule" at the University of Toronto Scarborough campus.



home last updates contact