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Elizabeth Maud JONES






The "cleft chin murder"
Classification: Murderer
Characteristics: Robbery
Number of victims: 1
Date of murder: October 7, 1944
Date of arrest: 3 days after
Date of birth: 1926
Victim profile: George Edward Heath, 34 (taxi driver)
Method of murder: Shooting
Location: London, England, United Kingdom
Status: Sentenced to death on January 22, 1945. Commuted to life in prison. Released under licence in January 1954, when she was aged 27 years' old

The cleft chin murder was a killing which occurred as part of a string of crimes during 1944, and referred to in George Orwell's essay "Decline of the English Murder". It became known as the "cleft chin murder" because the murder victim, a taxi driver, had a cleft chin.


On 3 October 1944, an eighteen-year-old Welsh waitress called Elizabeth Jones met an American army deserter called Karl Hulten in a tea shop. The friendship only lasted six days. During that time they knocked over and killed a nurse cycling along a country lane and robbed her, picked up a hitchhiker, knocked her unconscious, robbed her, and then threw her into a river to drown (though she survived), and finally murdered a taxi driver named George Edward Heath. They robbed Heath of 8, which they spent at the races the next day.

Both were dreamers Jones dreamed of "doing something exciting," and fantasized about being a stripper, whereas Hulten described himself as an officer and as a Chicago gangster, both of which were false.

Jones was born in Neath, Wales, in 1926. At the age of thirteen she ran away from home and eventually she was sent to an approved school because she was considered to be "beyond parental control."

Hulten was born in Sweden in 1922 and had enlisted after the Attack on Pearl Harbor. Initially Hulten had stolen an army truck, which he eventually abandoned, but kept the murdered taxi driver's car. After spending the taxi driver's 8, Elizabeth announced she wanted a fur coat. Hulten attacked a woman in the street and tried to snatch her coat, but the police came and Hulten only just managed to escape, which he did in the stolen car.

He was eventually caught because the car was still in his possession. In the meantime Jones had gone to the police and admitted to the crimes, to ease her conscience. During the trial they implicated each other. They were both found guilty of murdering Heath, but Hulten was hanged, at Pentonville Prison on 8 March 1945, whereas Jones was reprieved and released in May 1954. Her subsequent fate is unknown.

The reprieve caused some controversy, because many people considered the crimes to be cowardly, and in a war-torn England where everyone was pulling together to face a common enemy, almost treasonous. "SHE SHOULD HANG" was graffitied in several places in Jones's home town.

A film, Chicago Joe and the Showgirl was made in 1990, based on the story, directed by Bernard Rose, written by David Yallop, and starring Emily Lloyd, Kiefer Sutherland, and Patsy Kensit.


Jones, Elizabeth Maud & Hulten, Karl

Elizabeth Maud Jones was born in South Wales on 5th July 1926. When she was only sixteen she married a soldier who was ten years older than her. He had lost his temper with her and hit her on their wedding day and not wishing to give him another opportunity she had left him.

In January 1943 she moved to London and, after doing a variety of jobs as barmaid, usherette and waitress, she became a striptease dancer using the stage name Georgina Grayson. In the spring of 1944 she lost her job and only had her separation allowance from her husband to live on.

On the afternoon of Tuesday, 3rd October 1944, she was sitting in a small cafe in Queen Caroline Street, Hammersmith Broadway, with a friend named Len Bexley. She was introduced to Hulten by Bexley and she was impressed with the man who called himself 'Ricky' and told her that her was a lieutenant in the American Army. This was a lie as 22-year-old Hulten was really only a Private and had been absent without leave from his paratroop regiment for six weeks. They seem to hit it off and when they all left the cafe Hulten and Jones walked off together. Hulten asked Jones if she would care to go out later that day and she agreed.

Elizabeth turned up for their date at the Broadway cinema at 11.30pm, as arranged, but there was no sign of Hulten. Thinking she had been stood up she started to return to her rented room in King Street when a two an a half ton truck pulled up in front of her. It was driven by Hulten. She climbed into the truck and they drove off. As they chatted she told him that she would like to do something exciting, like being 'a gun moll' as they did in the States. Hulten then decided it was time to tell her of his real background, he explained to her that the truck was stolen, as was the pistol that he showed her. When they got to Reading they drove past a girl on a bicycle and stopped a little way down the road. As the girl cycled past Hulten pushed her off her bike. The girl jumped up and ran off leaving her bike and her purse behind. Hulten grabbed the girl's purse that hung from the handlebars and getting back into the lorry they drove back to London where he dropped Jones off in King Street around 5am. This introduction to a life of crime had netted them a few shillings and some clothing coupons.

On the Thursday, 5th October, Hulten called for Jones around 5.30pm and they went out for a meal followed by a visit to the Gaumont cinema in Hammersmith. When they left the cinema, around 8.45pm, they went to a cafe and then got into the truck and set off for Reading again. They probably intended to rob a public house near Sonning, but called the plan off and drove back to Marble Arch. Jones suggested to Hulten that they should hold-up the driver of a taxi. They followed a cab out to Cricklewood and, having forced the taxi to stop, threatened the driver with the gun. The fact that the taxi had a passenger in the back unnerved Hulten and they fled back towards Marble Arch.

In the Edgware Road they picked up a young girl who was trying to get to Paddington to catch a train to Reading. They offered to run her there. Faking a flat tyre near Runnymede Park they got the girl to turn her back on Hulten who hit her with an iron bar and half-strangled her. They rifled her pockets and dumped her by the edge of a stream. This attack netted them about five shillings. They returned to King Street and stayed there until 3pm, when Hulten left arranging to meet Jones later that evening.

At about 11pm Hulten turned up and the pair decided to again try and rob a taxi. They hailed a Ford V8 private hire car in Hammersmith Road. It was driven by 34-year-old George Heath. He agreed to take them to Chiswick roundabout. When they got there Hulten told the driver to pull over so they could get out. Once he had stopped Hulten shot Heath in the back, the bullet lodging in his spine and paralysing him. Heath was moved into the passenger seat and Hulten started driving. With no regard for the mans suffering Elizabeth searched the man's pockets as they drove, finding Heath's wallet, watch, cigarette case, loose change and one or two other items. Some letters, cheque book, photos and coupons were thrown out of the window.

Heath died from his wound within fifteen minutes. They drove out towards Staines where they dumped his body in a ditch before driving back to London. They abandoned the car in a cinema car park, after having wiped it clean of fingerprints. They then went to the Black and White cafe, where they ate, before returning to Jones' room feeling very pleased with themselves.

The body was found later that morning at about 9am by a fireman returning home from the night shift. The items that had been thrown out of the car window had been found earlier by an electrician's apprentice. It didn't take the police long to identify Heath and to realise that his car was missing. A description of the car and its registration number, RD 8955, was circulated to all police stations.

That day Hulten went out and sold Heath's watch for 5 and a couple of other items they had taken for eight shillings. They passed the day in a pub and went to the greyhound races at the White City Stadium. On the Sunday evening, 8th October, they spent most of the night driving around in the Ford and parked up the car behind an air-raid shelter at about 7.30am.

That evening, around ten past eight, the car was found by a policeman on the beat, PC William Walters. He telephoned Hammersmith police station and was soon joined by Inspector Read and a sergeant in a police car. As the car had been carefully parked the police felt there was a chance that the culprit may come back. All three waited, keeping watch on the car.

At 9pm their hunch paid off and they saw Hulten get into the car. Inspector Read ran over and grabbed him by the arm. Helped by the other officers Hulten was dragged from the car and searched. The Remington automatic used to kill Heath was found in his trouser pocket. He was taken to Hammersmith police station where he told them he was 2nd Lt Richard Allen, 501 Parachute Regiment, US Army.

A law passed in 1944 required that no American serviceman should be tried in a British court and an American CID officer, Lt Robert Earl de Mott, interviewed Hulten at 3am. He quickly established his true identity and that Hulten was a deserter. Hulten's story was that he had found the car abandoned near Newbury. He was taken to the American CID headquarters in Piccadilly where he elaborated his story and told them that he had spent the Friday with Elizabeth Jones. She was picked up the next morning and the police took a statement from her before releasing her.

That evening the police again went to King Street to interview Jones. This time she confessed and implicated Hulten, saying that he had led her astray. The American authorities waived its rights on the Visiting Forces Act, allowing Hulten to be tried in a British court. They both appeared before Mr Justice Charles at the Old Bailey on Tuesday 16th January 1945. Their trial took six days and they were found guilty and were sentenced to death.

Elizabeth Jones, aka Georgina Grayson took the sentence badly and had to be dragged screaming to the cells. They both appealed but these were dismissed in February. Two days before she was due to go to the gallows, Jones was reprieved. Hulten was not so lucky and on 8th March 1945, he was hanged at Pentonville Prison by Alberth Pierrepoint. His date with death occured just five days after his twenty-third birthday. Jones served nine years and was released on licence in January 1954.


Hulten and Jones

This case gained the nickname 'The Cleft Chin' murder, as the murder victim had a cleft chin. Also one of the suspects was an American serviceman and so could have been courts-martialled by the Americans. Instead they waived their rights under the Visiting Forces Act, and he was tried with his accomplice in a British Criminal Court.

The Case Details

A 34 year old London Taxi Driver called George Edward Heath was shot dead at Staines on 7 October 1944. Some tyre tracks on a grass verge near the body were made by his Ford V8 car. Several days later a police officer spotted the car parked in London's Fulham Palace Road. An American army officer emerged from a near-by house and entered the parked car. He was arrested by the police officer, and later questioned by the American Army Criminal Investigation Department. After initially giving his name as Richard John Allen, he correctly gave his real name of Private Gustav Hulten. He was absent without leave, and in procession of a stolen pistol. He stated that he had spent the night of the murder with his girlfriend Georgina Grayson.

Georgina Grayson, whose real name was Elizabeth Jones, stated that she had met Hulten on 3 October 1944 and spent several days with him. Hulten continued to deny the shooting, but Jones confided to a friend that "If you had seen what I have seen, you would not be able to sleep ...". The friend then informed the police of her remarks. During a later questioning, Jones informed the police that Hulten shot the taxi driver and told her to go through his pockets, looking for money. The total proceeds from the crime were 95p, a silver pencil and cigarette case.

The US Authorities waived their rights to courts-martial Hulten, and so the trial of Hulten and Jones started at the Old Bailey on 16 January 1945. The trial judge was Mr Justice Charles, the Prosecution case was presented by Mr L.A. Bryne. Hulten and Jones were defended by Mr J. Maud and Mr J.D. Casswell respectively. Mrs Lloyd Lane also represented Jones. After their 6 day trial, both Hulten and Jones were found guilty and sentenced to death.

Hulten was hanged at London's Pentonville Prison on 8 March 1945, 5 days after his 23rd birthday.

Two days before her execution, Jones was reprieved. Jones was released under licence in January 1954, when she was aged 27 years' old.


Elizabeth Jones



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